The Amani Flatwing, Amanipodagrion gilliesi, is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. This damselfly is only known from a single location in the East Usambara Mountains in the United Republic of Tanzania.
The main threat to the Amani Flatwing is habitat loss. There has been almost complete destruction of low-altitude forest across East Africa, mainly for conversion to agricultural land, and the few remaining areas that are inhabited by this species are under pressure. In 2006, the entire population was thought to be around 250 mature individuals.
The stream around which the last remaining viable population of Amani Flatwings lives is protected within a forest reserve in the East Usambara Conservation Area, and is therefore relatively safe from immediate danger. Any changes to this stream could result in the extinction of this species, and it is thought that a survey of the whole area is urgently needed to locate any additional remaining populations.