The Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ and has a decreasing population trend. Its worldwide population is estimated to be 10,000-20,000 individuals or 4,000- 5,000 breeding pairs. It breeds in wetlands and has a wide but fragmented distribution from east and south east Europe, to Mongolia and up to the coast of China and Hong Kong.
Former declines of Pelecanus crispus were caused mainly by wetland drainage and persecution by fishermen. At present it is threatened principally by disturbance from tourists and fishermen, destruction and alteration of wetland habitats and less by direct persecution.
Main conservation measures must be to carry out surveys on breeding and wintering grounds in west, central and east Asia and especially all former Soviet Union countries, where the largest part of the global population is. Sustainable management of wetlands is required everywhere across the range of Pelecanus crispus, but more specifically establishment of non-intrusion zones around breeding colonies would solve most problems.