The Mangrove Pitta, Pitta megarhyncha, is listed as Near Threatened on The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. This attractive bird occurs in Bangladesh, Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and in the Sundarbans of India.
The coastal mangrove forest habitat of this species is suffering severe pressure through clearance for fuel wood, charcoal production and construction materials, as well as for the development of fish and shrimp ponds. Many Pitta species are also found in the live bird markets in South-East Asia, so poaching of this species may have also contributed to the population decline.
There are currently no known conservation measures in place for the Mangrove Pitta, however, this species occurs in several protected areas including the Sundarbans National Park which is also a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site. Proposed conservation measures include surveys, to determine the rate of population decline and range constriction for this species, and campaigns for the protection of the remaining coastal mangrove forest throughout its range.