Miles' Robber Frog
Miles’ Robber Frog, Craugastor milesi, is listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. This Honduran endemic was once considered extinct in the wild as it had not been seen since 1983, and surveys between 1992 and 1998 failed to find it. However, the species was rediscovered in 2008 after a single individual was found at Cusuco National Park, western Honduras.
Once abundant, Miles’ Robber Frog declined dramatically throughout the 1980s. Habitat loss and conversion likely impacted upon the species; however, the sudden disappearance of populations in areas of pristine forest may be attributed to chytridiomycosis. This fungus is known to infect other amphibian species in the region, while the species’ affinity to streamside habitats makes it highly susceptible to infection.
The recent rediscovery of Miles’ Robber Frog gives rise to hope that a single resistant population remains. However, the species’ status is still extremely precarious, and research is urgently required to determine the viability of the surviving population.