The Peacock Tarantula, Poecilotheria metallica, is listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This species is found in a single severely fragmented area of forest in the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, between Nandyal and Giddalur. It was in this location that the Peacock Tarantula was rediscovered in 2001 after 102 years.
This spider is thought to inhabit a range of less than 100km2. This small area is undergoing severe habitat loss and degradation as a result of logging for firewood and timber. An additional threat to the species is collection by international pet traders, which could have an impact on the population. Together, these threats may lead to the extinction of the Peacock Tarantula in the near future.
Occurrence of this species in other parts of Eastern Ghats is not known. Extensive field surveys are required to understand the distributional range of this species.