The Thorny Devil (Moloch horridus) is an extraordinary lizard found in the arid scrubland and desert of central Australia. It is the only species in the genus Moloch. Its sharp spines and ‘false head’ at the back of its neck help protect it from predators. It can also change colour and inflate its chest to look bigger. The Thorny Devil eats only ants, and the narrow grooves between its scales allow it to draw dew and rain water towards its mouth.
As this animal is entirely reliant on ant populations, it is likely that anthropogenic threats like habitat loss and climate change will negatively impact the Thorny Devil. An IUCN Red List assessment will help identify which threats are the most important and which conservation actions should be prioritized to ensure the survival of this species.